5 (five) is a positive integer following 4 and preceding 6. Its ordinal form is written "fifth" or "5th".
5 is an odd prime number. Since 10 is a multiple of 5, divisibility by 5 can be easily tested in the decimal system — multiples of 5 always end in 0 or 5. 5 is a Fermat prime: 221 + 1 = 5.
A 5-sided star is known as a pentagram.
Some googologisms based on 5 are superpent, googolquinplex and quintoogol. 5 is the length of the Goodstein sequence starting with 3, which goes 3, 3, 3, 2, 1.
In Greek-based number naming systems, 5 is associated with prefix penta-, and with prefix quinti- in Latin systems.
Googological functions returning 5 Edit
As a cash denomination Edit
Some currencies, such as the euro and the United States dollar, have banknotes with this number in the denomination.
Some currencies, such as the Czech koruna and the Russian ruble, have coins with this number in the denomination.