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The Avatamsaka Sutra (sometimes called the Flower Garland Sutra) is one of the better-known Buddhist scriptures. In the 30th chapter, the Buddha teaches a king the concept of large numbers.

The Buddha begins by calculating:

  • 1010 * 1010 = 1020
  • 1020 * 1020 = 1040
  • 1040 * 1040 = 1080
  • 1080 * 1080 = 10160
  • 10160 * 10160 = 10320
  • ...

He continues until 10101,493,392,610,318,652,755,325,638,410,240 or 101.015*1032, at which he states, "that number squared is an incalculable." (which is 10202,986,585,220,637,305,510,651,276,820,480 or approximately 102.03*1032) The Buddha then names the following:

  • Incalculable4 = Measureless (~ 108.12*1032)
  • Measureless4 = Boundless (~ 103.25*1033)
  • Boundless4 = Incomparable (~ 101.3*1034)
  • Incomparable4 = Innumerable (~ 105.2*1034)
  • Innumerable4 = Unaccountable (~ 102.04*1035)
  • Unaccountable4 = Unthinkable (~ 108.16*1035)
  • Unthinkable4 = Immeasurable(~ 103.26*1036)
  • Immeasurable4 = Unspeakable (~ 101.3*1037)
  • Unspeakable4 = Untold (~ 105.2*1037)

The "Untold" number is much larger than googol or guppyplex, but still smaller than googolplex.

External links Edit

Googology in Asia

Fish numbers: Fish number 1 · Fish number 2 · Fish number 3 · Fish number 4 · Fish number 5 · Fish number 6 · Fish number 7
Mapping functions: S map · SS map · S(n) map · M(n) map · M(m,n) map
By Aeton: Okojo numbers · N-growing hierarchy
By BashicuHyudora: Pair sequence number · Bashicu matrix system
Indian counting system: Lakh · Crore · Uppala · Bodhisattva
Chinese, Japanese and Korean counting system: Wan · Yi · Zhao · Jing · Gai · Zi · Rang · Gou · Jian · Zheng · Zai · Ji · Gougasha · Asougi · Nayuta · Fukashigi · Muryoutaisuu
Buddhist text: Tallakshana · Dvajagravati · Mahakathana · Asankhyeya · Dvajagranisamani · Vahanaprajnapti · Inga · Kuruta · Sarvanikshepa · Agrasara · Uttaraparamanurajahpravesa · Avatamsaka Sutra
Other: Taro's multivariable Ackermann function · Sushi Kokuuhen