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The Strong Law of Small Numbers is an informal statement made by Richard K. Guy: "There aren't enough small numbers to meet the many demands made of them." 

More precisely, there are not enough small numbers relative to the multitude of sequences, properties, and patterns that can be defined on the natural numbers. This disparity causes a kind of pigeonholing of sequences over the small numbers, whereby small numbers belong to many different sequences. (To illustrate, search the OEIS for 2, 22, 222, 2222... and compare the number of results for each.) As such, two sequences may coincide for small values before diverging at larger values, and "capricious coincidences cause careless conjectures". In a sense, because their inclusion in an arbitrary sequence is less necessary, larger numbers are more honest witnesses to a sequence's attributes, and "early exceptions eclipse eventual essentials".

Statement

Smallest counterexample
Every number is less than a million Million
x2-x+41 has only prime values x=41
Pólya conjecture 906150257
Every odd-abundant number is divisible by 3 5391411025
n17+9 and (n+1)17+9 are always relatively prime n=8424432925592889329288197 322308900672459420460792433
For all x π(x)<Li(x)

1014<x<10316

SourcesEdit

Wikipedia

Prime Glossary

The Strong Law of Small Numbers, by Richard Guy

The Second Strong Law of Small Numbers, by Richard Guy (JSTOR)

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